Five ways to start a fire without kindling

If you heat with wood, kindling is often in short supply. Here's a serviceable repertoire of kindling replacements that work fine in a pinch.

The classic method of starting a fire – build an inverted pyramid starting with very small pieces of kindling wood and creating layers of increasing size – is all fine and dandy, assuming you have a whopping great heap of kindling at your disposal. On the exceedingly rare occasions when this has been the case for me, it’s worked like a charm. But the operative phrase here is “exceedingly rare”.

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